What your bike looked like 200 years ago

Enthusiasts dressed in historical costumes enjoy a ride on their bicycles during their traditional race in Prague, Czech Republic, Saturday, Nov. 3, 2018. (AP Photo/Petr David Josek)

Bikes haven’t always looked like the one you ride today with two wheels, pedals, seat and handlebars.

At first, the bikes were sometimes called “boneshakers” because they were a “shaky” experience to ride – as always driving on a gravel road, according to the University’s Joukowsky Institute for Archeology and Ancient World. Brown.

One of the first bicycles invented in 1818 – sometimes called a “running machine” – had two wheels and was steerable. But instead of pedaling, he was propelled by walking or running.

Later, a bicycle invented in 1860 had three wheels and included pedals but no brakes, making it dangerous and difficult for cyclists to stop.

It wasn’t until the 1880s, when the “safety bicycle” was invented, that bicycles began to look like a modern bicycle. The bicycle has changed from a dangerous toy to a useful tool for getting from place to place.

This is when chains were added which improved safety and allowed the rider to go faster and steer easier.

Bicycles also came in all shapes and sizes in the 19th century. A bicycle known as a quadracycle had a seat – often designed so that more than one person could ride at a time – between two large wheels operated by pedals or cranks.

In 1970, the penny-farthing was invented. The penny-farthing was a bicycle with a small rear wheel and a large front wheel, up to 60 inches high, with a seat for the rider near the top. This design improved the bikes speed and allowed for a smoother ride with its hollow steel frame and rubber tires.

This is also what led to the invention of the unicycle, a one-wheeled bicycle powered by pedals that requires excellent balance.

Today, bicycles continue to be designed more efficiently and for different uses. There are at least 11 types of bicycles. Here are a few:

Road bike

Road bikes have lightweight frames with thin tires and are often used for everyday use, long-distance rides, and races.

Mountain bike

Keith Snoop of Marion, Iowa takes a bend while pedaling the 4,000 foot Trashmore Trail. (Jim Slosiarek/The Gazette)

These bikes have great brakes, thicker tires and “shock absorbing features” to handle bumps and ruts on the road, rocks and dirt trails.

Folding bike

People assemble their folding bikes in Manila, Philippines. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)

These can be folded small enough to fit in a bag.

Fixed Gear Bike

A cyclist prepares his fixed-gear bicycle for a ride in the hills west of Portland, Oregon, in 2005. (AP Photo/Don Ryan)

Primarily used for racers and athletes training for professional races, these bikes have a single fixed gear that puts a lot of strain on the legs.

Motocross bike

Macarena Perez Grasset of Chile competes in the Women’s BMX Freestyle Final at the 2020 Summer Olympics on Sunday, August 1, 2021, in Tokyo, Japan. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)

With its smaller frame and wheels, BMX bikes are ideal for racing on dirt tracks and performing tricks and jumps.

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